(January 7, 2009) On 27 November 2008, the Iraqi Parliament approved the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) with the United States. Sofa is calling for the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraqi cities by July 30, 2009 and from the entire country by 2011, with the exception of some elements of U.S. special forces that will remain to train the Iraqi army. The Iraqi government also approved a strategic framework agreement with the United States to ensure international cooperation, including for ethnic minorities, beliefs and beliefs, and other constitutional rights; Deterrence of the threat; Exchange students; Education  and cooperation in the fields of energy development, environmental health, health, information technology, communication and law enforcement.  In an interview on January 24, 2008, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates suggested that work on a SOFA had barely begun.  On 13 June 2008, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki declared that negotiations with the United States on a long-term security pact had stalled, fearing that the agreement would undermine Iraqi sovereignty. “We are at an impasse because when these negotiations began, we didn`t know that American demands would affect Iraqi sovereignty so profoundly, and we can never accept it,” he said in Amman, Jordan. “We cannot allow U.S. forces to have the right to put Iraqis in jail or to take sole responsibility for the fight against terrorism,” Maliki said, according to a Jordanian press reporter present at the meeting.  On 1 July 2008, Zebari stated that he had informed members of the Iraqi Parliament that, in accordance with the negotiated terms of the long-term security pact, Us contractors no longer had immunity from Iraqi prosecution. U.S.
State Department officials could not be immediately contacted to take a position, but Iraqi MP Mahmoud Othman said he attended the meeting and Iraqi officials were very pleased with the immunity agreement.  Most of the foreign troops that were part of the troops in Iraq were to leave before 31 December 2008, with troops from Azerbaijan Poland, Macedonia, Japan, Bosnia, South Korea and Georgia. The Iraqi and British governments are said to have negotiated a security agreement similar to Iraq and the United States. Status of the armed forces agreement. The pact, which could be informal, expected the role of British troops to be minimal by the end of 2009. With the British and American military, a small force of two or three other countries should remain.  In a joint hearing before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Foreign Affairs on the Middle East and South Asia and the Subcommittee on International Organizations, On March 4, 2008, Ambassador David M. Satterfield, Senior Advisor to the Secretary and Coordinator for Iraq, stated that seven substantive briefings of administrators had been held with members of Congress on the future agreement between the United States and Iraq18. , two separate agreements with Iraq. The first agreement would constitute a legally binding sofa to define the legal status of US forces in Iraq. The second agreement, called the “strategic framework agreement,” would address all of the issues outlined in the Declaration of Principles.
According to Ambassador Satterfield, the administration “does not consider this at this stage to be a legally binding agreement…. If that were to change during the discussions, we will of course inform Congress and take appropriate action in accordance with our constitutional provisions. 19 According to the U.S. State Department, the “strategic framework agreement” is considered a legally binding agreement between the United States and Iraq and is therefore in effect in the publication.20 Security Council resolutions do not provide for the immunity of coalition forces from Iraqi judicial proceedings.