The agreement between Sudanese factions comes after a popular uprising that began in December with a protest against rising bread prices. The protests extended to a movement that led to the impeachment of Mr. al-Bashir after 30 years in power. On 29 November 2019, Article 152 of the Penal Code (commonly known as the Public Order Act or Public Order Act) was repealed.   This was controversial for several reasons, for example, because it was used to punish women who wore Indian pants in public by scraping them 40 times.  Other restrictions for women that were lifted were the lack of freedom of dress (through the compulsory hijab and other measures), movement, association, work and studies. Alleged violations (many of which were deemed “arbitrary” by activists) were punished by arrests, beatings and deprivation of civil rights such as freedom of association and freedom of expression.  According to Ihsan Fagiri, head of the No to Oppression Against Women Initiative, some 45,000 women were prosecuted under the Public Order Act in 2016 alone. It was seen as an important first step towards progressive legislative reform aimed at improving the status of women`s rights in the country, as envisaged by the Charter.
 Crowds filled the streets of the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, on Saturday after the ruling Military Council and the main opposition coalition reached a final agreement for a transitional government. The draft constitutional charter (also known as the draft constitutional declaration), adopted in August 2019, described in more detail how this reform should take place during a 39-month transition period and the legal areas in which it should be concentrated. Article 2 of the Charter states that “Sudan`s transitional constitution of 2005 and the constitutions of the provinces are repealed, while the laws adopted there remain in force, unless they are repealed or amended. Decrees adopted from 11 April 2019 until the date of the signing of the constitutional charter remain in force, unless they are repealed or amended by the Military Transfer Council. If they object to the provisions of the Constitutional Charter, the provisions of that declaration prevail.  One of the still undecided points was the fate of the Rapid Support Forces, a paramilitary force led by the powerful General Hamdan. Under the agreement signed on Sunday, the armed forces are monitored directly by the Sudanese army. Omar al-Bashir`s reign began with the 1989 coup d`état of Sudan and ended with Sudan`s coup in April 2019 during the Sudanese revolution (December 2018 – September 2019).